Government of India is celebrated National Statistics day on 29th June on the birth anniversary of Prof. P C Mahalanobis. The National Statistics Day is celebrated to create awareness among youth about the role of statistics in socio-economic planning and policy formulation. Statistics Day to popularize the use of Statistics in everyday life and sensitize the public as to how Statistics helps in shaping and framing policies.
The National Statistics Day was first celebrated on 29th June 2007. Indian Government decided to celebrate and honour the outstanding contribution made by Late Professor Prasanta Chandra Mahalanobis in the field of economic planning and statistical development. Hence, GoI declared the observation of ‘National Statistics Day’ on the birth anniversary of Late Professor Prasanta Chandra Mahalanobis.
Professor Prasanta Chandra Mahalanobis is known as the father of Indian Statistics. He was born on 29 June 1893. He was an Indian statistician and scientist. He was a pioneer in anthropometry studies and in pilot surveys. He served as a member of the planning commission from 1956-61. He gave two-sector Input-output model for the Second Five Year Plan which later became known as the Nehru-Mahalanobis model.
In December 1931, he established Indian Statistical Institute (ISI) in Kolkata. He was honoured with Padma Vibhushan in 1968, Weldon Memorial Prize from the University of Oxford in 1944, Fellow of the Royal Society, London in 1945.